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If you don't know it yet! what is the meaning of the term CBD?
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the cannabis plant. It's a naturally occurring substance that's used in products like oils and edibles to impart a feeling of relaxation and calm. Unlike its cousin tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it's not psychoactive. There are over 1,000 chemical compounds are produced by the cannabis plant. Of these, over 150 are undrestood and at least 100 are unique to the cannabis plant, known as the cannabinoids.
Ways to consume CBD
The cannabis plant is made up of two main players: CBD and THC. "CBD is the non-psychoactive portion of the plant, so what that means is you won't have any effects like euphoria. The medical profession prefers to use extracts of cannabis floswers, rather than smoking ir vaping the dried plant.
Historically well documented
The only CBD medication that is currently FDA-approved is Epidiolex, which the agency approved last year for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy. But many people swear CBD has helped with a slew of other health conditions, including back pain, osteoarthritis, even cancer. In germany today 40,000 patients are reciving CBD perscribed by their doctors and paid for by German Medical Insurance. Less so in the rest of the EU. Therefore, in the rest of Europe the products with third party lab reports are purchased from reputable manufactures with good track records and suppliers that can authenticate their origin.
How CBD Works
The plant Cannabis sativa has two primary species, hemp and marijuana. Both contain CBD, but there's a much higher percentage in hemp, which also has very low (less than 0.3%) levels of THC compared to marijuana. When people talk about hemp oil, they're referring to oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. There are no cannabinoids—CBD or THC—in hemp oil. This ingredient is packed with healthy fats and often appears in beauty products for its moisturizing benefits. Cannabinoids produce their effects by binding to specific CB receptors. Cannabinoid receptors are one of the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors (see illustration). So far, two types of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) have been identified with certainty. The CB1 receptor is found mainly in the brain and central nervous system. CB1 is also found in certain tissues and organs, such as the lungs, liver and kidneys. The CB2 receptors are mainly found on certain cells of the immune system, the gastrointestinal tract, and in immunerelated organs such as the spleen and tonsils.
Found mainly in the brain (hippocampus, cerebellum and cerebrum)
Found mainly in the organs (spleen, tonsils, and immune cells)
THC VS. CBD
The biological activity is mainly linked to the major cannabinoids THC and CBD. Although THC and CBD have unique activities, it is becoming clear that a wider range of cannabinoids and other constituents of the cannabis plant may be involved in its various therapeutic effects. These include the cannabinoids tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabigerol (CBG). These minor cannabinoids are thought to subtly modulate or enhance biological effects when taken therapeutically. This effect may be the result of them working on their own, or working together with THC and CBD.
THC is the most abundant cannabinoid in ‘psychoactive’ cannabis plant types. This substance possesses mind-altering effects, which most users describe as a very pleasant and relaxing experience. THC is also responsible for many of the medicinal effects of cannabis.
The plant also contains CBD – the second major cannabinoid in cannabis. It has medicinal effects, but does not induce a psychotropic state (i.e. its use does not result in feelings of intoxication). On the contrary, CBD may reduce some of the unwanted effects caused by higher doses of THC.
The Vast numbers of patients across the globe use cannabis in its crude form for symptom relief, while a smaller number access pharmaceutical-quality products via their doctors and pharmacists. Access to reliable, evidence-based information still hinders the prescribing of pharmaceuticalquality cannabis for therapeutic use.